Category: Management


Refers to the process of planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals and objectives.

Involves overseeing and directing activities of individuals/teams within an organization to

  • ensure efficient and
  • effective utilization of resources in pursuit of organizational success.


A fundamental management function involves

  • setting goals,
  • defining strategies, and
  • outlining the actions required to achieve those goals.

Includes identifying tasks, allocating resources, establishing timelines, and creating contingency plans to address potential challenges.


Involves structuring and arranging resources, both human and non-human, in a way that promotes efficiency and productivity.

Moreover includes

  • designing roles,
  • establishing reporting relationships, and
  • allocating responsibilities within the organization.

Also entails creating systems and processes to streamline workflow and facilitate effective communication.


Leadership is a crucial aspect of management.


  • guiding,
  • motivating, and
  • inspiring individuals or teams to achieve organizational objectives.

Effective leaders provide a clear vision, communicate expectations, foster collaboration, and empower employees to perform at their best.

They  promote a positive work culture, encourage innovation, and manage conflicts to maintain a cohesive and productive workforce.


Involves monitoring performance, comparing it against established standards or benchmarks, and taking corrective actions as necessary.

Managers use various control mechanisms such as

  • setting performance targets,
  • implementing performance metrics,
  • conducting performance reviews, and
  • providing feedback to ensure that activities are aligned with organizational goals.

Decision Making

Managers are responsible for making informed decisions that impact the organization’s present and future.

Decision-making involves

  • gathering and
  • analyzing relevant information, considering alternatives, evaluating risks and benefits, and choosing the best course of action.

Effective decision-making requires critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and the ability to weigh multiple factors.


Vital managerial skill involves transmitting information, ideas, and expectations among individuals and teams.

Effective communication ensures clarity, promotes collaboration, and helps align efforts towards common goals.

Managers must be skilled at both listening and conveying information accurately and clearly to foster understanding and engagement.

Change Management

In today’s dynamic business environment, managing change become a crucial managerial function.

Managers need to adapt to evolving market conditions, technological advancements, and customer expectations.

Change management involves

  • the assessing the need for change,
  • creating a plan,
  • communicating the change,
  • addressing resistance, and
  • monitoring progress to ensure successful implementation.